Eveline’s Senior Year: Summertime – The Draft and a Carnival

Eveline Coates, top left

I shared this photo of my grandmother Eveline Coates’ high school graduating class in Mystic, Iowa a few weeks ago. Along with the photo and her diploma, a couple of other mementos were saved. One is the program for the Junior-Senior Banquet in honor of the graduating Seniors. It was interesting to see how World War I seemed to be the overarching theme of the festivities. I decided to take a deeper look at what her life may have been like during the 1917-1918 school year. There was a lot going on, a war and the beginning of an influenza pandemic to name the two biggies. See Eveline’s Senior Year, Part 1

Six weeks after the United States formally entered World War I, the Selective Service Act went into effect on May 18, 1917. The act required all men in the U.S. between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service. Eveline’s two oldest brothers, Carl and John, were required to register and did so on the national registration day, June 5, 1917. (Click to enlarge photos.)

Carl Coates Draft Registration, June, 5, 1917

Carl was twenty-four years of age, married, and living in Mystic at the time of his registration. He and his wife, Nellie Metcalf, had married in September of 1916 and were expecting their first child.

John William Coates Draft Registration

Eveline’s brother John was twenty-two, single, and presumably living in his parent’s home. Although his registration card has an incomplete second page, we can assume he also registered on June 5th, as required. Anyone who did not register was subject to arrest.

A headline on the front page of the June 8th edition of a local newspaper published in Centerville, the county seat, read: Hope of Allied Victory in 1917 Gone – Prepare for Three Years. Not a headline anyone would want to read.

Carl, married and with a child on the way, would be exempt from the draft.

Eveline became an aunt on June 29, 1917, when Carl’s wife, Nellie, gave birth to Pauline June Coates. It must have been an exciting event for Eveline.

Centerville Daily Iowegian and Citizen 1917 July 2

I haven’t found a photo of Pauline as an infant, but here is a photo of Nellie and son, Keith, born in 1921.

Nellie Metcalf Coates and Keith Coates 1921

On July 21st, the paper printed a list of men whose names had been drawn in the first draft. A more complete list was published on the 23rd. And on the 30th, the paper published a list of the 384 men in the county who were required to report for examination.

John’s number wasn’t selected in the first draft. Perhaps John and the rest of the family breathed a sigh of relief, at least for the moment.

In addition to men enlisting, names being drawn for the draft, and general concern about the war, the area was experiencing a heat wave and a very little rain. There was concern about the survival of the corn crop.

Centerville Daily Iowegian and Citizen 1917 July 31

On the hottest day of the year The Great Patterson Shows opened in Centerville for a six day engagement.

Centerville Daily Iowegian and Citizen 1917 July 24
Centerville Daily Iowegian and Citizen 1917 July 28

John and some of his friends must have been intrigued by the prospect of the carnival shows – or maybe were simply in need of entertainment and distraction from news of the war and what their futures might hold. Maybe there would even be some cold drinks and carnival fare to make things bearable. Did they hop on the Interurban, or did someone have a car?

Centerville Daily Iowegian and Citizen 1917 Aug 1

The Circus History Society website provides this information about the Patterson Shows:

The biggest circus deal of the year was consummated by James Patterson, sole owner of the Great Patterson Shows, when he purchased from Gollmar Brothers their entire circus property, known as Gollmar Brothers Circus. Mr. Patterson took complete charge at Fredericktown, Mo., and shipped the show into his winter quarters at Paola,Kan. For the past seventeen years Mr. Patterson has been the successful owner of a big carnival company. Recently he incorporated under the title of The James Patterson Trained Wild Animal Show. Stock was issued and about half of it was immediately taken by friends of The Great Patterson Shows, with no particular effort on the part of Mr. Patterson to dispose of it. The property and title of the James Patterson Trained Wild Animal Circus will be combined with the Gollmar Brothers’ property and title, and it is Mr. Patterson’s intention to make it the best twenty-five car circus in America.

The deal covers the entire circus as a going concern. There are seventy-eight head of fine baggage horses, about thirty-five head of ring stock, seventeen dens of animals, including the Gollmar hippopotamus, and twenty-five cars, together with all the wagons and paraphernalia of every description. The officers of the James Patterson Trained Wild Animal Circus are James Patterson, president and general manager; A. T. Brainerd, vice-president; Raymond E. Elder, treasurer, and A. K. Kline, secretary. The Great Patterson Shows Carnival Company will not be affected in any way by this addition to the Patterson interests. . . . Mr. Patterson will devote his entire time to the management of the circus. Harry S. Noyes will look after the railroad contracting of both shows, and Raymond E. Elder will be the general agent. The circus property will take the roade as a twenty-five car show.

Billboard, November 11, 1916, pp. 26, 27.

Perhaps the arrival looked something like this.

A few images of the Patterson Shows.

One of the acts mentioned in the newspaper article is the Don Carlos Dog and Monkey Hotel.

Around the turn of the 20th century, a show promoter from Flint, Mich., carried a traveling show from state fair to state fair. It featured the Don Carlos Dog and Monkey Hotel. Newspapers from Kentucky to Oklahoma to Texas raved about the spectacle. “A miniature hotel on the stage is operated entirely by monkeys and dogs,” the Eastern Utah Advocate reported on Aug. 28, 1913, “and romances and disagreements with police interference and the ultimate removal to jail and the trial of all wonderfully enacted and the audience is sent into spasms of laughter by the antics of the educated animals.” The hotel “is the cutest and funniest show travelling,” noted the Indian Journal of Aufala Oklahoma. “The best poodle dogs and monkeys … run a hotel. It is an act for women and children as well as men.” In Texas, the El Paso Herald reported, the dog and monkey show was paired with an educated horse performance. The horse, Red Riding Hood, “spells, adds, waits table, tells ages, gets mail and assumes wonderful poses on the instant of the command and without a perceptible cue.”

Dog and Monkey Hotel https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2002699156/

The newspaper followed up with another article once the carnival arrived.

Centerville Daily Iowegian and Citizen 1917 July 30

I was not able to find a photo or much in the way of information about Earle Freiburger, who I infer was the bandleader in the article above. This 15 member military band may or may not be under the direction of Mr. Freiburger.

When I started this post, I knew I would not match the prompt photo this week. But as I read my way through three months of old newspapers, there was John Coates at a carnival right in the midst of registering for the draft and waiting for his number to come up. It seemed to fit.

I hope John had fun. Did he go home with lots of stories to tell Eveline? Was she jealous or just pleased to hear all about it?

Humming Birds Concert Party (Sepia Saturday 610 Theme)

Get in your clown car or hop on the circus train and see what spectacles await at Sepia Saturday.

Sepia Saturday provides bloggers with an opportunity to share their history through the medium of photographs. Historical photographs of any age or kind become the launchpad for explorations of family history, local history and social history in fact or fiction, poetry or prose, words or further images. If you want to play along, sign up to the link, try to visit as many of the other participants as possible, and have fun.

“Coldbar” Bars Cold

Well, I hit a wall today. I challenged myself to post something every day for the month of November (but I didn’t start until Nov. 5th). Five days in and I had nothing. I searched prompt ideas, looked at photos on the computer and my phone, tried to research something I had started …. In other words, I’ve spent way too much time today trying to come up with something simple that I could do in just a few minutes! Ugh!

I opened up one of my grandmother’s scrapbooks and found that almost everything in it were holiday craft and party ideas. One loose newspaper clipping caught my eye.

Abbie's scrapbook.coldbaruniform

This was not the item Abbie was saving for future use – on the back is an idea for a Christmas decoration. But I was more interested in this uniform today, perhaps because Veteran’s Day is this week.

A really quick google search (because I’m out of time!) turned up a few snippets of info.
1. This is a press release  photo from 1952. See photos on ebay.

2. The Library of Congress Veterans History Project, has a letter from a soldier dated February 22, 1953 which contains the following:
Well, I’m back in the “CW” truck. It’s 6 pm now I’m on until 10 tonight. I’m on a “Coldbar Team”. We’re supposed to check the “Coldbar Uniform”. That’s a plastic suit guaranteed against cold weather. It’s about 3/8 inch thick. When wearing it, all a person need wear are his “T”-shirt and shorts. After I wear it for awhile, they want my opinion of it.

3. This newspaper article¬†describes the money and research time spent to keep American military forces warm and dry during the Korean winters. The suit is described as a “foam-rubber-like petroleum derived plastic – polyvinylchloride …. made under the trade name Ensolite. ….When the body becomes over-heated through strenuous exercise the wearer merely opens various slide fasteners to allow sufficient cold air to cool the skin surface.”

Any Korean War veterans out there who observed the use of the coldbar uniform?

Family Recipe Friday – Mom’s Pumpkin Bread

Mom newspaper recipes copyHere’s my sweet mama showing off some baked goods in the newspaper. Mmm-mm, she was a goooodd baker!

Mom newspaper recipes copy 2I love that cookie jar! It still sits on the refrigerator in Mom’s and Dad’s kitchen. It’s at least as old as I am – guess that’s why I like it so much. Of course, this old newspaper photo doesn’t do it justice.

We had recently moved to Joplin when this article appeared in the paper. I don’t know how it came to be. Guess I need to ask Dad if he remembers. Being a small city, I suppose it was pretty common to have news about the movers and shakers in the community – like the new assistant manager of the Sears store and his wife – featured in the paper. lol

I’m not going to post the whole article as there is just a little too much personal info that I don’t have permission to share, but here’s the headline.
Mom newspaper recipes copy 3. jpgMom shared two recipes – Pumpkin Bread and Maple Butter Twists. I don’t know what the third thing is on the counter, but it could be a second Maple Butter Twist with a slice cut out and shared with the newspaper person.

In our ESL class the day before Halloween, we had a discussion about the different ways pumpkin is prepared around the world. When I mentioned that I make pumpkin bread, one of the students asked if I would share the recipe. I’m going to share it on our group Facebook page today in hopes that some students will follow my lead and share some of the dishes they talked about in class – pumpkin curry; a pumpkin dessert made with fruit, cinnamon and milk; honeyed pumpkin seeds …. I hope they will!

Mom newspaper Pumpkin BreadOnce Mom found this recipe, she made it every year – mostly in the fall and at Christmas. She liked to frost her pumpkin bread with buttercream icing. At Christmas time, she would add a few sliced candied red and green cherries on top to decorate. Many loaves of decorated pumpkin bread were given as gifts at Christmas.

I make it every year too. It’s just so good and must be made. But I usually don’t frost it. It’s fine just the way it is.

One thing I notice her recipe doesn’t say is to grease the pan. I usually line the bottom with waxed paper or parchment paper too, so that it pops right out.

Pumpkin Bread

3 cups sugar

1/2 teaspoon baking powder
2 teaspoons soda
1 1/2 teaspoons salt
4 eggs
1 teaspoon each of cloves, nutmeg and cinnamon
1 cup salad oil
1 cup water
2 cups mashed pumpkin
3 1/2 cups flour
1 cup chopped nuts, if desired

Add ingredients, one at a time, in mixing bowl and blend well with an electric mixer. Bake for 1 1/2 hours at 325 degrees in a loaf pan, 9 by 5 by 2 3/4 inches. Turn out of pan at once. Frost with powdered sugar icing flavored with almond extract.

I usually use canned pumpkin – the slight difference in measurement doesn’t make a difference. Mom and Dad would often cook and freeze fresh pumpkin to use for pumpkin bread and pumpkin pie.

I’ll share the recipe for Maple Butter Twists another day.

What is your favorite pumpkin recipe?
Family – let’s hear every story you can think of concerning pumpkin and pumpkin bread!